High Empire city


During the 1st century BC and the 2nd century AD the Roman city experienced a strong urban transformation and construction of monuments.The urban perimeter got wider, including the pre-Roman core, and it extended to the west, occupying approximately twenty hectares.This configuration remained until the end of the 3rd century AD, when the city was walled and its perimeter reduced due to the politic and economic crisis that affected the whole empire.

In this room, the High Imperial period is represented by two small pools built with waterproof coating (opus signinum).We do not know the total dimension of any of the pools, as they surpass the limits of the excavated zone. Due to its singular shape and dimensions (narrow and not too deep), the deposit must have been used as a fish farm. The presence of this kind of farms associated both with noble houses and commercial zones is widely documented in the Roman world.The proximity of these deposits to the macellum (fresh food market) discovered in the sixties in the Arcedianato’s garden makes us believe that these structures were part of the trading space. Near the macellum, it is normal to find domus that belonged to traders and were used to store the products they sold.

During the excavation, a layer was found with plenty of construction material such as a column base, two molded door frames, painted marble and plaster, signs of the splendor reached by the city.