The Vascon village


The first urban settlement that existed in Pamplona dates back to the beginning of the Iron Age, around the 7th century BC.
The urban organization of the Iron Age villages did not respond to orthogonal patterns, but mostly the layout of streets and houses was adapted to the land. Therefore, oval floors were very common. Many of them articulated around a main street and widened into small squares when there was a junction of various streets.
During the excavation of this Vascon Village, a stoned pavement -like a transit zone- was found, the oldest indicator of an incipient urban grid.
In this same zone, a series of holes for house woods pylons were documented. Houses in the Iron Age were generally built in adobe, with a main pillar and many smaller secondary ones that supported the roofing.
Materials associated with these structures (handmade pottery, pottery of Celtiberian tradition, imported Campanian pottery, imported amphorae and a coin from Segóbriga) testify that our city had been trading with the Mediterranean and the Iberian Peninsula since the 2nd century BC.
From the change of age, with the development of the Roman city, the Vascon Village would disappear under a leveling that prepared the space to set new structures with Roman style, as the houses with decorated pavements found in the Arcedianato’s garden.